Agricultural/Bio Environmental Technology

  1.   VISION

The Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineering (A.B.E) profession is envisioned to be one of the very best Engineering professional bodies in Nigeria and the world at large.

  •   MISSION
  • The Agricultural and Bio –Engineering profession is dedicated to the provision of quality scholarship and service, aimed at embracing professional competence and development of its members at all time.
  • The Agricultural and Bio – Environmental Engineering profession, aims at mechanizing all aspects of Agricultural and Environmental practices, thereby minimizing drudgery in the whole exercise.
  • The Agricultural and Bio – Environmental Engineering profession is also committed to focus on collaboration with, influencing and providing quality advice to the various arms of government, industry, academia, commerce and the society at large, for the purpose of upliftment of the standards in the country as a whole.
  •   BRIEF HISTORY

The Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineering (A.B.E) profession was developed fundamentally. As a framework and high quality technological structure for achieving sustainable Agricultural and Economic Development in Nigeria, Africa and the whole world. These noble objectives are being pursued through the various options that exist in the profession.

As a result of the nobility of the Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineering (A.B.E) PROFESSION, THE New partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) derived its very essence from it. This initiative was adopted at the Lusaka Zambia Africa Union (A.U) summit in 2001, as the framework for a sustainable Economic Development of the continent. The initiative which further set a target of 7% annual growth rate in Gross Domestic product (GDP) over the next 20 years, was aimed at eradicating poverty, achieving food security and building the foundation for a sustainable economic development in Africa.

To further demonstrate the relevance of the Agricultural and Bio – Environmental Engineering professing in the Africa Continent, the Heads of States and Governments of the Africa Union (A.U) Gave priority attention to Agriculture, being an important sector in the Africa Economy at the Maputo A.U Summit in July 2003. An A FRICA Agricultural framework tagged Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programmed (CAADP) was endorsed for implementation by member states (of which Nigeria is one). There was also consensus among the leaders to raise their budget allocation to agriculture to a minimum of 10% of total public spending within five years. Also, one of the key objectives of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’S) is to ensure environmental sustainability.

At the very inception of the Federal Polytechnic Nekede, the Department was one of the first Departments in the school of Engineering Technology. It was then known as Department of Agricultural Engineering. The population of the students in the Department at that time was a handful of students. Over the years, the population of students in the Department has grown significantly.

The Department offers the National Diploma (ND) and Higher National Diploma (HND) Programmed. Each of the programmers lasts for four semesters (or tow academic sessions).

The Department expresses itself through three options namely:

  1. Soil and Water Engineering Option
  2. Farm Power Engineering Option
  3. Post-Harvest Technology Option

               Of the three, Post-Harvest Technology Option is the newest.

           In 2014, following an N.B.E. intervention to restructure and improve professional practice in line with global best practices, the name and programmed curriculum of Department were changed. The Department now answer Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineering (A.B.E.) Department.

The Department parades a very impressive academic and non-academic staff compliment. The Lecturers, Instructors and Technologist are well trained, and have many years of teaching, research and consultancy experience trailing them.

PAST AND PRESENT HODs

  1. Engr.A.A.Obobi
  2. Engr.J.I.Onwuji
  3. Engr.C.C.Emekoma
  4. Engr.J.E. Nwaimo
  5. Engr.C.N.Eke
  6. Engr.N.O.Elendu (May 2014 –Date).
  •     OBJECTIVES OF THE ND PROGRAME
  • The National Diploma (ND) Programme in Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineering (A.B.E) is aimed at producing Technicians for both the public and private sectors of the economy, who can also be self-employed with adequate entrepreneurial skills. They are to be equipped with knowledge and skill for service in solving basic farm machinery, processing and /or irrigation/drainage problems and carry out routine maintenance jobs.
  • On completion of the programme, the Diplomate should be able to:
  • Function as a foreman on a project site
  • PRODUCT GOOOD Agricltural and Bio –Environmental Engineering drawings and schedules
  • Supervise Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineerring processes
  • Carry out necessary soil and water tests for engineering processes
  • Carry put necessary tests on production machines
  • Interpret survey drawings for production
  • Interpret machine drawings for production
  • Set out Irrigation, Drainage and soil Conservation Enginerring projrcts
  • Carry out maintenance of Agricuyltural and Bio –Environmental Engineering works.

OBJECTIVES OF THE HND PROGRAMME

  •   The Highter National Diploma (HND) in Agriculturakl and Bio – Enviromental Engineering Technology is aimed at producing Technologists with adeguate mastery of Engineering Knowledge and skill in executing Agricultural and Bio Engineering works. In addition to the ND objectives, the HND diplomats should be able to:
  • Design simple farm structural element s for construction and prepare detailed drawings of such element with minimum supervision.
  • Design simple irrigation, drainage and soil conservation scheme and prepare working drawings for their construction.
  • Design simple water and wastewater recycling scheme.
  • Carry out supervision and prepare progress reports on Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineering works.
  • Maintain comprehensive record of work-in-progress for the parties involved.
  • Test, analyze and interpet the results of field works carried out.
  • Prepare bill of Engineering Measurements and Evaluatiom and specification for Agricultureal and Bio – Environmental Enginerring works.
  • Operate and maintain soil and water conservation projects, watershed management, and irrigation and drainage schemes.
  • Carry out field preparation activities for planting operations.
  • Carry out engineering survey works.
  • Carry out farm machinery testing calibration and performance evaluation.
  •   ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

ND

For admission into the ND programme, credit in English and Mathematics are compulsory, then any other three credits preferably from Biology/Agricultural Science, Technical Drawing/ Building construction, metal work/wood work, Geography, Economics/ Commerce, further mathematics etc.

HND

For an applicant to qualify for admission into the HND programme in Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineering  Department , he/she should have the following qualifications.

  • A pass level in National Diploma in Agricultural and Bio- Environmental Engineering.
  • A minimum of two years post National Diploma cognate work experience in the field of Agricultural and Bio – Environmental Engineering.
  • All other entry reguiement as prescribed by the admissions Department of the institution.
  •   SCOPE OF THE PROGRAMME AND COURSES TAUGHT
  • SCOPE OF AGRICULTURAL & BIO –ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING PROFESSION

The beauty and importance of Agricultural Bio –Environmental Engineering are very visible around us. Ranging from the conservation of soil and water on project sites, the allurement of the profession keeps radiating. Land preparations for tillage maneuvers using tractors and other farm implements, also add to the enticement of the profession, as drudgery is greatly minimized. Agricultural and Bio – Environment Engineering deals with the production of food and other essentials of life. Opportunities in the field are excellent, not only in agriculture, but also in many public and agencies and industries.

Agricultural & Bio – Envrionmental Engineering utilizes Agricultural and Engineering principles and the physical, chemical and Biological sciences to prevent and solve agricultural and environmental problems related to human activies. That is why the mission of the profession is tohuman activies. That is why the mission of the profession is to provide student with a brioad and thorough education in Agriculturalo and Bio – Environmental Engineering fundamentals , applications and designs so as to prepare graduates for the practice of Agricultural & Bio – Environmental Engineering at the profession level wit6h confidence and skills necessary to meet the technical and social challenges of the future.

  •  COURSES TAUGHT AT THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, NEKEDE

FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC NEKEDE OWERRI

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL & BIO – ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINERRING

COURSE ALLOCATION 2014/2015

ND 1 FIRST SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AGR 101 Introduction to Agriculture 2 0 3 3
2 AET 111 Introduction to Agric. Engineering 1 0 3 2
3 AGT 111 Principles of crop production 1 0 3 2
4 AGT 124 Agricultural rural sociology 1 0 0 2
5 MEC 103 Mechanical Engineering science 2 0 3 3
6 MEC 101 Engineering Drawing 1 0 3 2
7 MEC105 Basic workshop Practice 1 0 3 1
8 MEC101 Basic principles of land surveying 2 0 3 3
9 MTH 111 Logic and linear Algebra 2 0 0 2
10 GNS101 Use of English 1 2 0 0 1
11 GNS127 Citizenship Education 1 0 0 1
    TOTAL 16 0 21 23

ND1 SECOND SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE  COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AET 121 Farm construction technology 1 0 3 2
2 AET 122 Basic soil science 1 0 3 2
3 EED 126 Introduction to Entrepreneurship 1 0 3 1
4 MEC 102 Descriptive Geometry 1 0 3 3
5 MEC 104 Introduction to Thermodynamics 1 0 3 2
6 CEC 106 Science and Properties of Material 1 0 3 2
7 CEC 106 Strenght of material 2 0 3 3
8 EEC 101 Electrical  Engineering science 1 0 3 2
9 MTH 112 Algebra and elementary trigonometry 3 0 0 3
10 MTH 122 Trigonometry and analytical 2 0 0 3
11 SUG/TSE102 Basic principles of land surveying 2 0 3 3
12 GNS 102 Communication in English 2 0 0 2
13 URP 120 Environmental Consciousness/ Assessment 1 0 0 1
    TOTAL 19 0 27 28

ND11 FIRST SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CM
1 AGT 212 Agro. Climatology 1 0 3 1
2 AET 223 Soil and water conservation 2 0 3 2
3 AET 212 Tractor operation and maintenance 1 0 3 2
4 APT 225 Animal science and production 1 0 3 2
5 EED 216 Practice of Agric. engineering Entrepreneurship 1 0 3 1
6 CEC 210 Soil Mechanics 2 0 3 2
7 MEC 201 Engineering Drawing 1 0 3 2
8 MEC 210 Fluid Mechanics 1 0 3 2
9 MTH 211 Calculus 3 1 0 2
10 STA 111 Introduction to statistics 2 1 0 2
11 GNS 201 Use of English 2 0 0 3
    TOTAL 17 2 24 21

ND11 SECOND SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AGT 231 Statistics and field  Experimentation 2 1 0 2
2 AGT 229 Farm Management 2 0 0 1
3 AET 211 Farm Electrification 1 0 3 2
4 AET 213 Farm power 1 0 3 2
5 AET 221 Irrigation and Drainage 2 0 3 2
6 AET 222 Farm machinery and mechanization 1 0 3 3
7 AET 224 Farm structures 1 0 3 2
8 AET 225 Crop Processing and storage 2 0 3 2
9 ICT 101 Intruduction of computer 1 1 3 2
10 GNS 202 Use of English III 2 0 0 2
11 AET 227 Project 0 0 6 6
    TOTAL 15 2 27 26

HND I FARM POWER OPTION FIRST SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AET 311 Land clearing and Development 1 1 3 2
2 AET 312 Soil mechanics 1 1 3 2
3  AET 314 Instrumentation 2 1 3 3
4 AET 316 Theory of structures 2 1 0 2
5 AEP 311 Agricultural machine drawing 1 0 3 2
6 AET 322 Tillage/ planting machinery 1 0 3 2
7 AET 313 Land law 2 0 0 2
8 MTH 321 Numerical method 3 1 0 2
9 MTH 311 Advanced Algebra 2 1 0 2
10 GNS 301 Use of English II 2 0 0 2
11 AET 318 Tech. Report Writing 2 1 0 2
    TOTAL 19 7 15 23

HND I FARM POWER OPTION SECOND SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AGR 401 Research Methods 2 1 2
2 AET 315 Rural Electrification 1 1 3 2
3 AEP 312 Thermodynamics& heat English 2 0 3 3
4 AEP 323 Engineering properties of Bio Materials 1 0 3 2
5 AEP 324   Farm Machinery Design and Maintenance 1 0 3 2
6 AEP 321 Farm Tractor systems, Operation and Maintenance 3 0 3 3
7 MTH 312 Advanced caucus 2 1 0 2
8 MTH 313 Statistics method in Engineering 2 1 0 2
9 COM 311 Computer programming 2 0 3 3
10 GNS 302 English Language & communication 2 1 2
    TOTAL 18 5 18 23

HND I SOIL & WATER OPTION SECOND SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AET 311 Land clearing and Development 1 1 3 2
2 AET 312 Soil mechanics 1 1 3 2
3 AET 314 Instrumentation 2 1 3 3
4 AET 316 Theory of structures 2 1 0 2
5 AEP 311 Agricultural machine drawing 1 0 3 2
6 CEC 302 Hydrology I 1 0 3 2
7 AET 313 Land Law 2 0 0 2
8 MEH 321 Numerical Methods 3 1 0 2
9 MEH 311 Advanced Algebra 2 1 0 2
10 GNS 301 Use of English II 2 0 0 2
11 AET 318 Tech. Report Writing 2 1 0 24
    TOTAL 19 7 15 24

HND I SOIL & WATER OPTION SECOND SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AGR 401 Research Methods 1 1 3 2
2 AET 315 Rural Electrification 1 1 3 2
3 CEC 311 Quantities &Specification 2 0 0 2
4 MTH 312 Advanced calculus 2 1 0 2
5 MTH 313 Statistical Method in Engineering 2 1 0 2
6 COM 311 Computer programming 2 1 3 3
7 CEC 301 Hydraulics 1 0 3 2
8 CEC 306 Design of structural elements 1 0 3 2
9 AES 311 Engineering surveying and photogrammetry 1 1 3 2
10 CEC 419 Public Health engineering II 2 0 0 2
11 GNS 302 English language and communication 2 1 0 2
    TOTAL 17 7 18 23

HND II SOIL AND WATER OPTION FIRST SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AGR 302 Field Experimentation and Date analysis 3 1 3 3
2 AGR 402 Agricultural personnel management 2 1 3 2
3 CPT 313 Agro Climatology 2 0 0 3
4 AEM 426 Rural sociology 2 1 0 2
5 AEM 314 Extension method 2 1 0 2
6 Aes 411 Water Resources Development 2 1 3 2
7 AES 412 Advanced Soil and Water Conservation 1 0 3 2
8 CEC 308 Foundation Engineering Tech. 1 0 3 2
9 EED 413 Entrepreneurship Development 1 1 3 1
10 AES 424 Seminar 0 0 0 1
    TOTAL 16 6 18 20

HND II SOID & WATER OPTION FIRST SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AET 424 Project management & Admin 2 0 0 2
2 AES 413 Irrigation Technology 2 0 3 3
3 AES 422 Land reclamation 2 0 3 2
4 AES 423 Drainage technology 2 0 3 2
5 AES 421 Advanced Farm structures 2 0 3 2
6 CEC 425 Hydraulics Structures 2 0 3 3
7 AES 425 project 0 0 0 6
    TOTAL 12 0 15 20

HND 11 FARM POWER OPTION FIRST SEMESTER 2014/2015

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AGR 302 Field Experimentation and data analysis 3 1 0 3
2 AGR 402 Agricultural personnel management 2 1 0 2
3 CPT 313 Agro. Climatology 2 0 3 3
4 AEM 426 Agricultural Rural sociology 2 1 0 2
5 AEM 314 Extension Method 2 1 0 3
6 AEP 432 Farm workshop organization & Mgt 2 1 0 2
7 AEP 433 Crop processing and handling machinery 2 0 3 3
8 APT 311 Livestock farm mechanization 2 0 3 3
9 EED 413 Entrepreneurship Development 1 1 3 1
10 AEP 444 seminar 0 0 0 0
    TOTAL 18 6 12 23
             
S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE L T P CU
1 AET 424 Project management & Admin 2 0 0 2
2 AEP 431 Crop protection & Harvesting  Machinery 2 0 3 3
3 AEP 441 Farm power 1 0 3 2
4 AEP 442 Farm power and machinery Mgt 2 0 0 2
5 AEP 443 Crop drying & storage 2 0 3 3
6 AEP 445 project 0 0 0 0
    TOTAL 9 0 9 18

G         QUALIFICATIONS OBTAINABLE

  • National Diploma (ND) IN Agricultural and bio- Environmental Engineering
  • Higher National Diploma (HND) in Agricultural and Bio- Environmental Engineering.

H           AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION/ SKILL ACQUISITION

  • Soil and water Engineering Technology
  • Irrigation Engineering Technology
  • Drainage Engineering Technology
  • Farm power & Machinery Engineering  Technology
  • Post-harvest technology
  • Rural Electrification Engineering Technology
  • Farm structures and construction Management Technology
  • Environment Engineering Technology

I         SKILLS ACQUIRED

          The National and Higher National Diploma Programmes in Agricultural and Bio- Environmental Engineering Technology are aimed at producing Technicians and Technologists respectively. They are trained to have a good mastery in Engineering knowledge and skills to execute Agricultural and Bio- Environmental works, for both public and private sectors of the economy. They also acquire skills through training to be self-reliant and become self-employed, if they choose to. They also acquire skills that enable them to function well as consultants, contractors, safety officers, teachers, Researchers, sales persons, public servants, Civil servants etc.

Agricultural and Bio – Environmental engineering is one of the broadcast of the engineering disciplines spanning across a lot of technical areas. In pursuit of this, the following skills among others are expected to be acquired in course of professional training:

  •  Competence and efficiency in collecting, analyzing and interpreting data relevant to problems in the Agricultural and Environmental Engineering sectors.
  • Demonstration of methodological and Computational skills to operate effectively within the Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering sectors.
  • Demonstration of skills in current technologies and fundamentals to be able to adapt to future challenges.
  • Function and skillfully communication complex issues orally and in writing individually and within multidisciplinary teams.
  • Be ethical and professional in the performance of their duties

EMPLOYMENT AREAS / OPPORTUNITIES.           

  1. PUBLIC SERVICE:
  2. Teaching and Research staff in Universities, polytechnics and colleges of Agricultural and Technology.
  3. Staff in schools of soil conservation and institutes of Erosion studies.
  4.  Staff in Agricultural Experimental stations and Research Institute for Erosion studies.
  5. Ministry of Agriculture ( federal and state)
  6. Federal Department of Agriculture
  7. River Basin Development Authorities
  8. National Agricultural land Development Authority
  9. Federal Environmental Protection Authority
  10. Directorate of food, Road and Rural Infrastructure
  11. Agricultural Development Project (NDP).
  • INDUSTRY:

In Industries Agricultural and Bio Environmental Engineers serve as:

  • Design, Construction and Testing Engineers for tractor engineers, farm machinery, tillage equipment, fertilizer and planting equipment, and harvesting equipment.
  • Product/sales engineers in charge of Marketing and Technical sales Department.
  • Process Engineers for product processing and food engineering.
  • Service/ Maintenance Engineers for maintenance, repair and major overhaul of agricultural tractors and machinery.
  • Plant Managers/ Engineers in charge of manufacturing or engineering facilities for agriculture.
  • Materials Handing Specialists/Engineers in a facility that manufactures, processes or distributes foods
  • Implement Development Supervisors for the development of Tractor Implements
  • Extension service in Agricultural and Bio – Environment Engineering for harvesting handing, storage and processing of agricultural products.
  •  RURAL SECTOR:
  • Electric power companies and electric equipment manufacturers use Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineers for the planning, selection of electrical Installations.
  • For management of rural; development projects that have directs effect on agriculture, including soil erosion control.
  • As marketing , research and industries products development officers
  • As research and development offices in change of apocopate technologies for rural industries that deal with agro – products.
  • Staff for tanning programmes on food implementation and supervising blacksmiths for the production of agricultural tools and space – pests
  • Field level services for programmes that depend heavily on Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineering skills, such as land development , seedbed preparation, crop processing and food engineering
  • Staff for the implementation/ execution of rural industrial projects such as food processing plants, cottage industries etc.
  • As an Agricultural Electronics Engineer/ Electro- mechanical designer in grain handling and drying, aeration , electric- mechanical control or satellite receivers
  • Rural road engineer for the de3sifn , construction and maintenance of rural feeder roads, including drainages
  • Dam Engineers for the construction of each dams for irrigation and other purposes
  • Engineers for the construction of Drainage and Erosion control structures.
  • COMMERCIAL FARMS:

Agricultural and Bio –Environmental Engineers are very well suited for managing small medium and large scale agricultural farms. The work as:

  •  Tillage Engineering for tillage and field equipment
  • Equipment Engineers for the adjustment, maintenance and repair of tractors and other equipment.
  • Agricultural Waste Managers, who manage agricultural wastes for recycling.
  • Agricultural and Bio- Environmental Engineers for intensive crop production to boost production and lower energy inputs
  • Irrigation Engineers to provide and maintain irrigation facilities
  • Structural Engineers for agricultural buildings confinement systems and environments
  • Mechanized farm Managers
  • Soil and water Conservation (i.e. Environmental) Engineers to deal with pollution (water, solid, air) problems.
  •  PRIVATE SECTOR
  •   As an Agricultural and Bio- Environmental Engineer/Consultant in farm mechanization
  • Mechanization consultant/ Manager/Engineer in Irrigation Drainage, Machinery Management, Economics
  • Soil and water Conservation Management Consultant
  • Environmental pollution control consultant/ Engineer
  • Machinery fabricator- of tillage , planting, weeding, harvesting and processing machinery, Biomass combustion equipment including spare
  • – Parts.
  • Feasibility study , design, development and management in power and machinery, soil and water, structures and environment, electric power and processing
  • Prospecting and provision of water for human consumptive and /or irrigation through boreholes, surface water harnessing, and earth dam construction.
  • Engineering consulting Firms
  • Drinking Water, wastewater, solid waste and air pollution treatment facilities.
  • Manufacturing Industries
  • Environmental Regulatory Planning Agencies
  • Research Laboratories.
  • International Development Agencies
  • Public I interest Groups.
  • FINANCE AND MANAGEMENT
  •  Agricultural and Bio- Environmental Engineers serve as staff of Banks

Trust companies, Insurance companies and similar financial Agency\ies and Institutions that deal with Agricultural loans and credits.

  • Farm management consultants require Agricultural & Bio- Environmental Engineers in their organization to handle the engineering aspect of their outfit.
  • Food processing companies, sugar companies, seed companies and other large – scale or medium scale Agricultural Enterprises or users of their products, also employ Agricultural & Bio- Environmental   Engineers in managing the purchase, operation and maintenance of their equipment.
  • Tractor/Equipment hiring companies’ employ Agricultural and Bio- Environmental Engineers to take charge of their leasing, purchase and maintenance section.

K. PROFESSIONAL BODIES REGISTRABLE

   National Diploma graduates in the Engineering family are registrable with council for the Regulation of Engineering Nigeria (COEN) as Technicians. Also, they can be registered under the umbrella of the Nigeria Society of Engineering Technicians (NISET) as the professional body.

They High National Diploma graduates on the other hand, are registered with COREN a Technologists in Engineering (NATE) as their professional body. They also have potentials of becoming registered Engineers with COREN and members of Nigeria society of Engineers, by acquiring a post Graduate Diploma in Agricultural & Bio Environmental Engineering with few years of experiences.